Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was born in Calcutta, India. Tagore played an important role in the Indian history of art and literature as well as in Indian politics. He was called the “Gurudev,” meaning a wise teacher who enlightened his pupil. In 1913, he became the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize in Literature for his magnificent translation of Gitanjali, Song Offerings. Besides, he also played an essential role in India’s freedom movement. His composition “Jana Gana Mana” was chosen as India’s national anthem after independence.